Laminate Flooring Guide: Underlayment & Installation

What is Laminate Flooring?

Laminate flooring is a durable and cost-effective alternative to hardwood flooring. Laminate is made from composite wood, which means it’s made up of more than one material. The top layer of laminate looks like real wood and can be installed over existing floors with ease. Laminate comes in many styles and colors so you can find the perfect look for your home or office space!

What is Underlayment?

Underlayment is a thin layer of material that is installed between the subfloor and laminate flooring. This helps provide cushioning and sound insulation, as well as protect against moisture.

Types of Underlayment

There are many types of underlayment, but they fall into two main categories: foam and cork.

Foam underlayments are usually installed between the floor and subfloor to provide additional cushioning and sound absorption.

Cork underlayments are made from compressed cork particles that offer similar benefits as foam but do not compress as much over time. Fiberglass is another popular option because it’s lightweight yet durable enough to stand up against wear-and-tear in high-traffic areas such as kitchens or entryways.  Rubber is often used in basements where moisture levels may be higher than normal due to flooding or leaking pipes. This type of material will prevent damage caused by water seeping through cracks between joists (the horizontal beams supporting your home). Acoustic foam is yet another option for those looking for extra soundproofing qualities with their laminate installation project.

Preparing the Subfloor

Before you begin installing laminate flooring, it’s important to make sure that the subfloor is in good condition and ready for installation.

  • Check for moisture: Moisture can cause damage to your flooring, so make sure there isn’t any excess moisture in the room where you plan on installing laminate. If there is, consider installing a dehumidifier or air conditioning system before proceeding with installation.
  • Level out uneven surfaces: Laminate tends not to work well over uneven surfaces like concrete slabs or wood floors with gaps between boards. These irregularities will show through when installed as part of an entire room’s worth of laminate flooring (and they’re also uncomfortable). To fix this problem before installing laminate underlayment or other types of subfloors (like engineered wood), use leveling compound on top of these surfaces until they’re completely level with each other–this way all parts will be even when finished!

Installing the Underlayment

  • Start by laying down a vapor barrier. This will help prevent moisture from getting into your subfloor and causing damage.
  • Cut the underlayment to fit the room, then install it using a staple gun or adhesive. If you’re using staples, be sure to space them about 6 inches apart so that they don’t tear through the laminate flooring when you put it down later on top of them!

Installing the Laminate Flooring

Installing the laminate flooring is a fairly simple process, but it’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
First, lay out your planks and make sure they are flush with each other. If you have any gaps between boards, you may need to use an adhesive or spacers (small pieces of wood) to fill them in.
Next, secure each plank with a hammer and nails by driving them through the tongue into the underlayment below. Be careful not to hit too hard or else you could damage your subflooring!

Finishing Touches

  • Trim the excess underlayment.
  • Install transition pieces between rooms, if necessary.
  • Apply sealant around the edges of your room, if you like (this is optional).

Caring for Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is a great choice for your home. It’s durable, easy to clean and has a beautiful finish that will last for years to come. However, there are some things you should know about caring for laminate flooring to ensure it stays looking its best for as long as possible.
When cleaning your laminate floors:

  • Clean regularly with a dry mop or vacuum cleaner (avoid using water or other liquids on the floor). This will prevent dirt from becoming embedded in the surface of your laminate flooring which can lead to discoloration over time. If you have pets or children who play on their hands and knees often, consider placing protective mats under high traffic areas such as entrances into rooms where they spend most of their time playing so they don’t scratch up your new floors!

DIY vs. Professional Installation

You can install your laminate flooring yourself, but you’ll need to be patient and careful. The process can be time-consuming, especially if you’re working alone or with a small team. If you’re not experienced in DIY projects like this one and aren’t sure how to handle the tools involved with underlayment installation, it might be better for you to hire a professional installer who has more experience installing laminate floors.
Professional installers have access to high-quality equipment that makes their jobs easier and faster than those done by amateurs; they also know how best to use each tool so that they don’t damage any part of your home while working on your laminate flooring project. Additionally, because professional contractors are trained in proper safety procedures (such as wearing protective gear), they’ll keep themselves safe during installation work without having someone else watch over them constantly–which means less downtime between projects!


Laminate flooring is a great option for homeowners who want a durable and cost-effective flooring solution. Installing laminate flooring requires careful preparation and the right tools, but once you’ve installed your new floors, proper care and maintenance will help ensure your flooring lasts for years to come.


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